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Home About Designers Arne Jacobsen
Arne Jacobsen PDF Print E-mail
* 11th of February 1902 in Copenhagen
† 24th of March 1971 in Copenhagen

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Arne Jacobsen is the most important international architect and designer of the 20th century in Denmark. His designs follow the style of modern functionalism.
Functionalism is the principle that architects and designers apply when designing an object based on its purpose – “Form follows function”.
Jacobsen’s works are influenced by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier and the Bauhaus movement. In his designs, we appreciate his perfectionism. It is said that he works permanently and his recreation consists in doing other creative things during his free-time.
Born in Copenhagen in 1902, Arne Jacobsen trains as a stonemason before studying architecture at the Kongelige Danske Academy of Arts in Copenhagen until 1927.
While still a student, Arne Jacobsen shows a chair he had designed at the important Paris "Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes" in 1925 and obtains a silver medal for it.
In 1927 Arne Jacobsen starts his career as an employee in Paul Holsoe's studio of architecture.
In 1929, Arne Jacobsen opens his own practice in Hellerup. Arne Jacobsen is amongst the first to introduce Modernism to Denmark. For instance, his design of a "House of the Future", which he co-designs with Flemming Lassen for a competition in 1929. It is conceived as a round glass and concrete structure with a flat roof.
In 1930, Arne Jacobsen designs the functionalist Rothenborg House, which he plans inside and out as a total work of art.
During 1931-1934, Arne Jacobsen works on designing the buildings for the "Bellavista" settlement in Copenhagen, with which he earns his reputation as an exponent of the International Modern style of architecture.
In the years 1951 and 1952, Arne Jacobsen designs a chair named “Ant”, whose name is inspired by the nipped in waist of the back as well as its thin tubular steel legs.
Arne Jacobsen creates in 1955, a similar chair for Series 7, the Model No. 3107 and 3207 with armrests which is one of the most commercially successful lines in chairs ever produced and sold.
Arne Jacobsen receives the "Gute Form" prize for the design of this chair. The jury say: "The chair is convincing for its clear conception, the spring seat and back-rest made from a single piece of wood are elastically fixed to the steel tube frame. A chair of multiple uses, light and stackable is suitable for meetings or conference rooms".
This chair becomes a cult object through the scandal with Christine Keeler. The famous photographer Lewis Morley takes pictures of the former British model and call girl Christine Keeler sitting naked with her back turned on the chair 3107 – a picture which captures a lot of attention and catapults the designer Arne Jacobsen and the model 3107 chair to fame.
In the year 1955, Arne Jacobsen designs other famous furniture such as the Dining Table. The table top “is generated” by Piet Hein, a Danish mathematician, scientist and inventor. The curve which gives the form to the top is the result of computerized mathematical research and is halfway between a circle and a square, an ellipse and a rectangle. The curves are determined by formulas with variable exponents giving origin to a form now known as "Superellipse", which saves 15% space compared to a round or rectangular table.
One of Arne Jacobsen's most important buildings is the Royal SAS Hotel in Copenhagen (1956-1960) for which he not only designs the seating furniture, but also all the rest of the interior including lighting, cutlery, and even such details as ashtrays.
It was followed by many other important buildings and designs. He creates the city hall of Mainz in Germany known as the capital of Rhineland Palatinate. Some of our team members have a special relationship to it as Mainz is their hometown.
Between 1956 and 1965, Arne Jacobsen is a professor of architecture at the Skolen for Brugskunst in Copenhagen.
Arne Jacobsen is never only either a designer or an architect. Most of his architecture projects are conceived as total works of art which means that he designs a building down to the most minute detail; creating its wallpaper, carpets, utilitarian appliances, lighting, and furniture.
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